The Complete Beginners Guide to Machine Learning with Big Data
Computer Science is the study of computation. Information, automation, and how to use them in various industries. It branched into many fields, such as Artificial Intelligence, Information management, and more.
Machine Learning is also a branch of computer science associated with the statistical analysis of input data and the development of required output. Here is the comprehensive guide to the concept and applications of ML with Big Data.
What is Machine Learning?
It is a branch of computer science that automatically enables computers to infer patterns from data types. Machine Learning offers efficient and automated data collection, analysis, and integration tools. It helps analyze the input data with the use of various algorithms. It predicts future results based on experience and applied input.
Different types of Machine Learning?
When the data has no labels, and you need to look for the pattern, it is unsupervised learning. When you don’t have actual data, such as insight into your customer’s interest, K-means clustering is suitable for your machine learning model.
- Supervised Learning
It refers to a class of algorithms when you have a data set with explicit labels. An example of a supervised machine learning model is a loan application scenario.
- Deep Learning
A subset of ML breaks the problem down into several layers known as neurons. Deep learning has applications in various fields, such as the development of facial recognition systems or self-driving cars.tics results.
What is Big Data?
Big Data is data that is large enough that you can’t store or process it with conventional data storage or processing technology. Nowadays, many companies are transforming digitally, producing large amounts of data through machines and humans, which is complex and expansive. Scientists estimate that the amount of data floating around the internet will reach 163 zettabytes by 2025. This volume of data is challenging for humans to interpret. But when the right new tools are used to evaluate big data, it gives organizations useful information that helps them make the right business decisions and improve their performance. Generally, B2B companies have massive amounts of data requiring immense processing power and training.
Types of Big Data
Big Data is classified into three types:
- Unstructured data
This data type is challenging to interpret or analyze using standard data models and databases. Generally, most big data is unstructured and comprises the following information: numbers, dates, and facts. Some unstructured data includes satellite imagery, mobile activity, no-SQL databases, and audio and video files.
- Structured data
It has specific, predefined organizational properties, unlike unstructured data. It is available in a tabular or structured schema, which is easier to interpret and analyze. Each field in structured data is discrete, meaning you can access them separately from other areas. You can quickly collect data from several locations in the database, making it precious data.
- Semi-structured data
As its name suggests, it is a combination of both unstructured and structured data. It has some structured data features but is not set up like a relational database or a tabular data model. JSON, emails, binary executables, XML, and other markup languages are semi-structured data types.
What can big data do?
Thanks to technological advancement, big data can now be used in various ways that were not even possible even a few years ago:
- Explore distant planets
NASA and other space research organizations look at millions of data points and use them to build a model that will be used to plan future missions.
- Predict and respond to natural disasters.
You can use big data technology to monitor and analyze the patterns of factors that affect earthquakes. Predicting man-made tragedies using data helps people move to safe zones.
- Cure disease
Using big data technologies, we analyze many medical records and images for patterns that spot disease early. It helps develop new medicine quickly and more efficiently.
- Prevent crime
To make the best use of their resources, police forces use data-driven strategies based on public data and intelligence. It helps reduce crime rates around the world.
How are machine learning and big data related?
Using machine learning models for big data analytics is an excellent move for companies that want to get more value out of their data. ML tools use statistical models and data-driven algorithms to look at large amounts of data and find patterns and behaviors. Based on these, they can then conclude or make predictions.
Big data has a lot of information that machine learning systems can use to learn things. By combining them, companies are producing significant analytics results.
The Bottom Line
Now, you have a conceptual understanding of ML and Big Data. They have many benefits for companies from various fields. If your company needs more computational power and disk storage to store the big data, choose a cloud company with the most innovative technology and effective operations.